Home management depends upon various managerial processes. Successful management requires the ability to make decisions. It is important to understand the nature and process of the work involved. It is also important to supervise and use the right methods to complete the work process. Each step in the work process is a series that aims to achieve desired goals. These goals can be short-term or long-term. These goals will vary depending on how many resources are available.
Management processes can help identify and use available resources to achieve family goals. Nickel and Dorsey define Home Management as “planning, controlling, and evaluating the family’s use of resources to achieve family goals.” Management involves making decisions that lead to actions and achieving short- and long-term goals. Management processes are interrelated and interdependent.
Management involves four steps:
2. Organizing and assembling resources
3. Controlling the work process
These steps are required to complete the management process. The first step is to plan for the goals. The second step is to organize for performance and control the plan. You can combine organizing and controlling in one step. Final evaluation of the results according to the family’s goals. The family evaluates the planning results in light of their family goals. All of these steps are part of the family’s use of resources. All these steps can be used to reach family goals.
Planning: Planning is an essential step in any management process. Planning allows you to identify different ways to use your resources to reach your goals. Planning is a key activity in any management process. It involves decisions about various activities, resources, and changing family needs to achieve the goals.
W.M. W.M. Fox explains that planning is the prediction of future actions. Although planning is future-oriented, plans can be tailored to different situations. To develop a plan that works, you must first identify the problem or goal.
These are the basic steps in planning:
1. Recognizing the Problem
2. You are looking for other options
3. Choosing between alternatives
4. Accuracy in executing the plan
5. Accepting the Consequence
This step requires a scientific approach. It involves asking questions about ‘what actions are required, why’ each action is needed, ‘who’s responsible for each action, & ‘when,’ where, and how each action will be performed. Good communication is essential in a family where more than one person participates in planning.
Every plan should be tailored to the family’s needs. Plans should be flexible enough for changes. If some minor decisions are not satisfactory or the goal is being achieved, it may be necessary to change the original plan. Planning helps ensure that decisions are made appropriately for each situation.
Family planning can be either long-term or short-term. It is important to coordinate short-term and long-term plans. Construction of the house, marriage, education and large purchases are all possible. Long term goals for the family include saving for the future. For this reason, long-term plans are essential. Planning for menu planning and other household activities requires short-term plans. Sound Planning is built on goals.
Planning is about finding the right balance between available resources and the needs of the people who use them. Planning is also a foundation for other managerial activities. Only when the plan is directed in the right direction can it be successful.
Each day, many activities can be done to implement the plans. The organization is crucial if you want these activities to be successful. The process of organizing involves dividing and grouping activities. They are then assigned to each member.
Nickel and Dorsey state that organizing “is the process of establishing appropriate relationships between work, people, and other resources, and channelling authority, responsibility, and control over them.” The organization is the process of dividing and distributing activities. This is how goals can be achieved easily. The size of the family is an important factor. A proper organization and work allocation will ensure that everyone is doing their part and that no one is being overtaxed.
According to G. Baker, there are three levels of an organization.
1. A task is organized by one person. This is sometimes called work simplification.
2. Another level is a person who organizes his efforts to complete several tasks, such as cleaning up after her children. This level is most likely used by a mother who works outside of her home.
3. The third level is where the manager organizes the efforts of others working on the project into a plan. To complete one or more tasks. This level is for parents who involve their children in organizing.
A certain level of control is necessary to implement a plan successfully. Controlling means carefully observing performance. Planning must be alert to any weaknesses in the plan. Regular inspections make it easier to execute the plan. You can make changes if things are not going according to plan. This could be about the quality or cost of the work, or it could also concern people’s feelings of satisfaction.
Controlling is often overlooked by many people. This step is crucial in executing the plan. This step may require new decisions that could modify the original plan. If, for example, menus are designed to serve meals, but certain foods are unavailable during grocery shopping, new decisions must be made immediately to replace the plan. House Building plans can be modified if necessary during the controlling stage.
A person’s ability to see the alternatives and make decisions will increase the likelihood of them being able to control. Flexibility in thinking and planning is key to controlling. This required that there be group welfare, but not personal desire.